50 Investment Terms Every Investor Needs to Know 

Some investment terms may seem complex, but this list will take the mystery out of the most common investing terminology.

Asset Class

It's a group of investments with similar characteristics that is likely to perform differently in the market than another asset class

Bear Market

A bear market occurs when the market declines, typically when broad market indexes fall 20% or more in two months or less.

Bull Market

Bull markets usually mean security prices are rising for months or even years at a time.

Blue Chip

They are generally thought to be well-established, financially sound, and therefore high-quality investments.


A broker’s primary function is to help clients place trades.

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